Do-it-yourself domain name registration. Part 1: a little theory

This article opens a small cycle of articles on the topic “Domain Name Registration”. Many questions will be considered: why it is necessary at all, how to choose a name, how to register it, what you need to know, how much it will cost, what are the pitfalls of this process, and other related questions. Step-by-step descriptions of domain name registration processes will also be given.

First, we stipulate who needs this cycle. If you have money and you are ready to pay a third-party company for registering a name for a site, then do so – less headache. And if you want to know the process itself, or you have a healthy sense of curiosity, to want to do it yourself, and also you do not want to overpay and want to be sure that the name will be registered specifically for you, and not for the intermediary company, then read on ūüôā

In this article we will learn some common concepts;¬†understand why we actually need a domain name;¬†We learn that ru, com, net and org did not come together with a wedge;¬†choose a name for yourself;¬†let’s learn to check whether it is already occupied by someone else or not. Hosting drive after Singapore jiqifa.

So, first of all, let’s look at what a ‚Äúdomain name‚ÄĚ actually is (from the English ‚Äúdomain name‚ÄĚ). Everyone knows that the addresses of various sites look something like www.company.ru. In this case, the first level domain name (from English “top level domain”) will be “ru” (it is often also called “domain” and “zone”), and the second level domain name will be “company”. This second-level domain name will interest us throughout the entire cycle. Third-level domain names are allocated, as a rule, for free, they have no particular interest, so they will not be mentioned, with the exception of the .com.ru, .net.ru, .org.ru, and .pp.ru domains, they are issued by RosNIIROS for free, but almost equal to the domain. ru and therefore I will describe the process of registering a domain name in these zones in the following articles. Also in the future I will mention the registration process in the .msk.ru and .spb.ru zones – they are practically analogous to the .com.ru zones, etc., only delegated by Relcom.

Please note that the name of the site and where it is located are different things. The site can be at your provider or on some free server Рthe main thing is that they support such a service as virtual hosting (what it is, I will tell in the next article). When registering a domain name, you just need to correctly specify the settings, and your website will be accessible by the registered name. Often, it is proposed to register a domain name along with hosting, that is, they register a domain name for you and provide a place for the location of your site (this is called hosting). At least recently, they often offer to register a domain name for free if you agree to pay for hosting. Since we are only interested in registering a domain name (we will find the hosting ourselves). Hosting make concerning Bulgaria fogyvemeheqy.

Why do you need to register a second-level domain name for yourself, especially since it almost always costs money if you can get a third-level name for free, or even manage with the address given by the provider, something like home.provider.ru/~moya_stranica/? I will try to answer this question. First, it improves the memorability of the address of your site. It is easy to remember when you see it on a business card or in advertising. It is easy to dictate. 

As a result, if there is valuable or interesting information on it, the visitor will return to it, even after a week, having remembered his address, and will recommend to friends. Secondly, it gives independence from your provider and from services that provide free services for hosting sites. Just transfer the site if necessary and change the settings of the domain name. Thirdly, if you register an address for a commercial structure, then the user will quickly find you if he knows your name and it coincides with the name of the site. When searching for information, most people dial first www.company.com (www.company.com), and then go to the search sites. Also, your competitors will not be able to use against you or to your advantage the name of the site, placing third-party information there. 

Fourthly, the domain name is strengthened by the image and solidity of both the company and the common man, if it has its own website.¬†The lack of a site‚Äôs own domain name is often interpreted by server visitors as a shortage of registration funds for its owners – the corresponding attitude of them (visitors) will be in relation to the company.¬†Fifthly, it will be possible to have an e-mail address of what you [email protected]_name.ru ‚ÄĒ also not bad.¬†For example, if the firm is called “Ektako” and has a website www.ectaco.ru,

So, we have thought over everything and decided that we are adults and we need to register our domain name. Let us now understand one not very pleasant thing – it always costs money. Sometimes more, sometimes less – depending on the prestige of the first-level domain in which you register your name. So, to register and pay annually for a name in the “ru” zone will cost $ 24. (including VAT), and in the “tv” zone – 150 cu In other areas, it may be cheaper and more expensive. Payment systems may be different. Somewhere accept payment via credit card, somewhere through the bank online payments PayPal, somewhere transfer.

Someone may argue that there are sites, such as www.namezero.com, www.namezero.ru, and www.emeisp.com, which give domain names for free. Yes, they give them for free. But, firstly, they register them for themselves, not for you, secondly, as a rule, they advertise on your page, and, thirdly, after your promotion, you can refuse to service you and offer to redeem your domain name to you or someone else for a tidy sum. Do you need it? Moreover, since the service is free, it can either close without warning at any time, or become paid. However, free registration of domain names is a separate topic and quite interesting, so I will definitely be covered in a separate article.

But it is not all that bad. There are some nice and yet free zones, like .com.ru / .net.ru / .org.ru / .pp.ru / .spb.ru / .msk.ru. I will tell about them first of all, because a simple Russian person may not have money for a paid domain.

Now let’s choose the zone in which we will register a domain name.¬†Few know that there are a lot of these very zones, and you can compose a name for yourself – you will lick your fingers!¬†Well, for example, you can easily get the name domashnee.tv, piratskie.cd, europaplus.fm, krutoy.dj, dukenukem.md, i_love.ms, doloi.ie, legko.li, trud.no, hate.is, fig .im, moy_vysokiy.iq, idi.na, da.nu, windows98.se.¬†I‚Äôm not talking about addresses like bazara.net, anekdotov.net, perevodov.net, referatov.net, deneg.net (although it‚Äôs these names that are already taken, although, for example, I don‚Äôt know about mozgov.net, maybe I‚Äôm free for now).¬†Why are there!¬†Now write on the fences “Masha – stupid!”¬†no longer fashionable.¬†It is much more interesting to distribute to her friends the website address mashka.co.za, placing the relevant information there.¬†

For those not well versed in computer terminology, I explain that the names of some zones look very similar to common abbreviations.¬†For example, the combination “md” stands for “must die” (must die), “ms” – Microsoft, “ie” – “Internet Explorer”, “se” – “special (or second) edition”, “iq” – ” intelligence quotient “(intelligence quotient).¬†I think that it is not necessary to decipher the abbreviations “tv”, “fm”, “cd”, “dj”, and “co.za” sounds like the Russian word “goat” in pronunciation.¬†A list of all zones (first-level domain names) indicating which zone belongs to which country, as well as links (if possible) to the whois services could be viewed on August 25, 2001 at http: // www.

Not all zones are available for direct registration. For example, to the great disappointment of many comrades (more precisely, gentlemen), the address tipa.au register simply will not work. Why РI explain. There are so-called global zones. These are com, net, org, edu, mil, gov, descended respectively from COMmercial (or COMmon), NET (network), ORGanization, EDUcation, MILitary, GOVernment. Taking these zones as an example, many zone holders, including au, created such subzones in their domains. Thus, only zones like com.au, co.uk, co.jp, co.za, etc. are available for registration. That is, to be precise, you register your domain name for the third, and not the second, level. But since they are equal to the second level, I will not make a difference in the article, you just take this information into consideration. I found the most complete list of available zones at http://www.allwhois.com/alltlds.html. You can also see which zones are available for registering domain names in them and at what prices.

I want to warn you: in some zones, only residents can register names, that is, those who live or are registered (for companies) or at least have a representative in the country that owns the zone. This, in particular, applies to the zone .is (Iceland). But not everything is so gloomy Рfirstly, with the help of the same Internet, you can make friends in the right country that will help, or, secondly, you can still use the intermediary services of registrars Рthere may not be another way out. Hosting offer during GuineaBissau totyxyb.

Now proceed to the choice of the actual name. If you register it for a commercial organization, the choice is usually small – either an abbreviation (abbreviation by first letters), or the full name, or partially abbreviated. Examples: krf.ru – KarelRybFlot, aura.ru – computer company “Aura”, compumir.ru – chain of stores “Computer World”. Although sometimes in this case it is necessary to strain – if the name is already taken. Then you can either choose the shortened sound of the company name, or choose another zone, the benefit of which is more than available. For a private individual, you can rely on the last name / first name / Internet nickname, or come up with something remarkable. For example, there is such a site – divanov.net. What do you think first? Right about that that this address is an online store for the sale of sofas. In fact, there is an online store there, but he sells, firstly, not only the sofas, and secondly, it bears that name not because of them, but because the store director is Dmitry Ivanov. That’s where the flight of fancy put it! One of the last fashion descendants is names like gromko.ru, mnogo.ru, and others like them. You can also use some abbreviations in the name – 4u, 4all, 2u, and the like (4u in English sounds like “for you”, that is, “for you”). An example of such a name is monitor4u. Also, the address in the semantic content of which the first level name (zone) is involved will be memorable. I cited several such examples above, but I will give one more (I liked him very much). In the near future, another zone is going to appear – “eu”, for European countries, communities, and communities. So, the address yahoo.eu sounds very cool: (For those who didn‚Äôt realize right away – read “yahoo” out loud according to the rules of the English language, and “eu” – like “her”, and you will understand everything). Although it is unlikely that European coordinators will let you register such a domain – “Yahoo” has long been a registered trademark. I recommend, by the way, to think over several names for the site – if one of the addresses is busy, you can use an alternative for registration. Although it is unlikely that European coordinators will let you register such a domain – “Yahoo” has long been a registered trademark. I recommend, by the way, to think over several names for the site – if one of the addresses is busy, you can use an alternative for registration. Although it is unlikely that European coordinators will let you register such a domain – “Yahoo” has long been a registered trademark. I recommend, by the way, to think over several names for the site – if one of the addresses is busy, you can use an alternative for registration.

I will make a small digression regarding the recently appeared service on registration of domain names in Cyrillic (in Russian). By and large, I agree with Artemy Lebedev, who wrote a corresponding paragraph in his guide and called it “Save yourself who can.” In short, it is not recommended to register a domain name in Russian, because it is impossible to dial it to someone who does not have a Russian keyboard, which is why residents of Russia and the near-Russian Russified foreign countries will visit such a site. Another problem is the possibility of alternating Russian and Latin letters in the site name. For example, one writing is WWW.IBM.COM, the second is WWW.IVM.COM. What is the difference? In the second case, the Latin letters “b” and “m” are replaced by Russians “in” and “m”. So try to guess here

Well, we thought up the names of all sorts of different ones. Now we need to check if they are busy and find out how much their registration will cost. It is then that we are waiting for several pitfalls, starting with the fact that you risk overpaying extra 50-100 bucks during registration, and ending with the fact that using the dishonest verification service, you will lose your address without having time to register it. Consider all this in more detail.

The name verification service is usually called “whois”. Provide it most often those firms that are engaged in the registration of these names. This is where problems may arise. If you use the service on the website of a registering company, and not on the website of the zone holder, then it may well be that your name is registered by this company in order to subsequently offer it for redemption to you or someone else at an inflated price. Modern technologies quite allow to keep on the site a log of queries of checked domain names. After that, it is not difficult to review this journal, select the most significant and remarkable names and register them. The next time you check or try to register a name, you will be given information that this domain is already registered, and contact information will be provided. When you try to contact the specified coordinates, you will receive an offer to purchase the domain. Moreover, the registrar company itself may not be very guilty – any unscrupulous employee can take advantage of the name verification journal, who will pass it on to his friends, and they will register it. The registrar firm where you checked the name will turn out to be, as it were, nothing to do with it, but the name will be lost for you. Therefore, I recommend that you always use the first-level domain holder sites to verify that the name is busy. You shouldn‚Äôt be deceived by the domain carrier – why does he need it, if even without that, all the power to manage the names in his hands. On the other hand,

Let us, finally, to check. For the zone “ru” you can check the employment of the name on www.nic.ru. You can also check the employment of names in the zones com, net, org. The availability of names in the .com.ru, .org.ru, .net.ru, and .pp.ru zones can be checked on the RIPN website. You can try to determine the address of the domain carrier in two ways. Usually the address of such a site corresponds to the name of the zone and looks like www.nic. “Zone” or www. “Zone”. For example: www.nic.ru, www.cd, www.nic.is, etc. If this does not help, I advise you to look at http://www.host4u.co.za/codes.htm – there is a list of all zones with links to the sites of their holders, if any (sites) are available. You can also go to the AllWhois site that has already been mentioned – there is also the possibility of going to the site with the whois service for the selected domain. So take a list of invented names – and go ahead, start checking! However, I warn you right away: unfortunately, not all links on the AllWhois website are correct, so sometimes you have to search for the right site with handles. I can also advise a good site for checking the existence of domain names www.domainwhitepages.com – you can view any domain in any zone. However, using it, remember about the possibility of interception of information …

Finally, I will give a couple of examples of possible “pitfalls”.

The first example illustrates how you can pay extra money for registration. There is such a site – www.dot.am. They offer to register a domain name in the zone “am” (Armenia), insisting that this name is very suitable for radio stations broadcasting at a given wavelength. Well, the fact that this zone was created for Armenia, and not to support the owners of radio stations, is not so important. But the fact that they ask for registration for $ 300, while on the website of Armenia (www.amnic.net) you can do the same for $ 250 – already interesting, because 50 bucks on the road are not lying around.

The second example is the interception of a domain name. One person was asked to help register a domain name for a site on the Solovetsky Islands solovki.ru, and it was not in a hurry. It is still unclear where the information leak came from: whether a person blurted out somewhere, or he just used the left whois service, but two days later the names solovki.ru and solovki.com were busy, that is, names in the most common areas . After we contacted the people on whom these names were registered, they replied: ‚Äúoffer your amount, then we will discuss the transfer of these names to you‚ÄĚ. But here they are slightly miscalculated. Yes, a person seeking information about Solovki will first try to dial these particular addresses. But the information is not there! Therefore, he will turn to the search engine, which will give them a list of sites filled with the right information. And if the site will be called solovki.it or solovki.org, and not solovki.ru/com, then nothing will change. So interceptors did not win anything, but only spent money on meaningless registration of the name. True, at the moment they have begun to act smarter – they simply take information from the most advanced site about Solovki solovki.net and from other smaller sites, and place it in themselves, while modestly calling themselves “perhaps the best information resource about the Solovki islands” , and offering to advertise for money on your site. True, no one has yet done this … So do not leak information. but only spent money on meaningless name registration. True, at the moment they have begun to act smarter – they simply take information from the most advanced site about Solovki solovki.net and from other smaller sites, and place it in themselves, while modestly calling themselves “perhaps the best information resource about the Solovki islands” , and offering to advertise for money on your site. True, no one has yet done this … So do not leak information. but only spent money on meaningless name registration. True, at the moment they have begun to act smarter – they simply take information from the most advanced site about Solovki solovki.net and from other smaller sites, and place it in themselves, while modestly calling themselves “perhaps the best information resource about the Solovki islands” , and offering to advertise for money on your site. True, no one has yet done this … So do not leak information. and offering to advertise for money on your site. True, no one has yet done this … So do not leak information. and offering to advertise for money on your site. True, no one has yet done this … So do not leak information.

So, we learned the theory, invented and tested names. It remains to register them. In the following articles, I will give step-by-step examples of domain name registration in various zones – “ru”, “pp.ru”, “com.ru”, “msk.ru”, “co.za”, and in others. I will also talk about free DNS support (it will be useful if you need maximum money saving when registering a name), and other useful and related things.